by Walter Last

This method is still virtually unknown, but is included here in the hope of stimulating research and experimentation. The Italian neurologist Giuseppe Calligaris discovered a system similar to reflexology, or zone therapy, covering emotional, psychic and organ reflexes. In addition to the lines shown in FIG. 1 there is one that corresponds to the outline of the two drawings.

If you press the tip of a middle finger of a tested person by exerting a quick, light and alternating pressure on pad and nail using your own thumb and index finger, a line will be sensitized that leads from the tip of the middle finger along both sides of the arm to the shoulder. With further stimulation, the other main lines will be activated. Sensitive people may feel a tingling sensation along these lines, while others may be able to feel them with the help of a cold metal spatula. This may be used to retrace the lines or to rub lightly across them and they will be felt with a distinctly cool sensation.

In addition to the main lines, there are lines starting at the tip of each finger and toe, and also in the webs between fingers and toes. Each of these digital and inter-digital lines corresponds to a certain organ, emotion or mental activity as shown in FIG. 2.

If you hold the tip of a finger so that a light pressure is exerted just below the nail and at the finger pad, the line starting at this finger will become sensitive. Again, you can test this by lightly rubbing straight across the line with a cold spatula. Alternatively, use the tip of a teaspoon or a small metal hammer, or apply a weak electric current. A sensation of coolness should be felt along the line. If the hand is brushed with a phosphorus solution, one of these lines should glow in a dark room if the test person experiences the corresponding emotion.

If one of the hand lines is sensitive even without holding the corresponding finger or web, we may assume either the associated organ has a functional defect or the tested person experiences a certain emotion. This effect is more pronounced if you strongly press the corresponding organ. If the organ is healthy, the sensitivity of the line is low, while if it is diseased, sensitivity is high.

 FIG. 1 Calligaris Plaques

In addition, sensory impressions such as color, music, odours, and also the weather and the moon, have specific influences on our organs and emotions that can be tested with the corresponding sensitized lines.

Furthermore, all over the body, but mainly along the reflex lines, are a multitude of small skin areas, called plaques, usually 8-13 mm in diameter. These become sensitive with certain bodily processes, emotions, mental or psychic activities. On the other hand, these processes and activities can be induced by stimulating the corresponding plaques. Calligaris found thousands of different plaques.

Increasing Psychic Awareness

Following is a simple technique to increase psychic awareness. Place the tip of either middle finger lightly on a flat surface or, better still, on the south pole of a small magnet. The nail may protrude over the edge. Another good method is to press or rub this spot with your thumbnail. In this, as well as in the following skin-reflex tests, only the lightest skin stimulation will lead to success. If the pressure is too strong, nothing will happen. After five to 30 minutes of stimulation of the tip of the middle finger, you may experience true visions of the present, past or future (according to Calligaris).

The exact spot to be stimulated is the crossing-point of the midline and a line representing the outline of the finger. Some­ times sensitizing by rubbing with a needle is successful when the other methods fail.

FIG. 2 Calligaris Hand Lines


Find the approximate location on the body as shown in FIG. 1 or as given in the following description. Mark the corresponding zone line with a felt pen or cosmetic pencil. Search in the approximate location by lightly rubbing with a cold metal spatula across the zone line, by tapping lightly with a small metal hammer (approximately 12 mm in diameter) or by using a light electric current. At the exact location of the plaque you should notice a distinct sensation of coolness; mark this. It may be necessary to cool the spatula or hammer from time to time in cold water.

Then take a metal cylinder of the specified diameter and move it very lightly in a quick circular motion (80-100 times per minute) on the marked spot. The cylinder must be very smooth, with clean, slightly rounded edges. It must touch the skin completely, should not dent the skin, and the amplitude of the rotary motion should be only a fraction of a millimeter. Alternatively, you may use a 'Faraday brush' to provide a weak electric current for stimulation. This is usually quicker.

After five to 30 minutes the plaque is sensitized and the tested person experiences several sensory reflexes, which should be reported to the tester. These sensations may be only light, and it is preferable to tell the tested person beforehand what to look for. Usually there are three reactions as in the following description, though sometimes only two may be noticed. After experiencing one or two correct sensations, keep the cylinder still, but continue to hold it very lightly on the plaque. Cover the eyes of the tested person with a black cloth, especially if visions are involved. Within a further five to 15 minutes the target sensation should emerge. With continued practice, the indicator reflexes and the target sensations will develop quicker and quicker until the whole procedure takes only a few minutes. However, periodically, during some days or hours, the plaques do not respond at all. The reason for this is not known.

Autoscopy and Heteroscopy

In the method previously described, the tester tries to induce certain phenomena noticed and reported by the tested person. This is called autoscopy. For this it is important that the tester sits at the side of the tested person. There are, however, receiver plaques on the body that are mirror-symmetrically placed to the sender plaques. If the tester sits exactly opposite the tested person and stimulates a certain receiver plaque on himself or herself, he or she can feel whether the corresponding sender plaque of the tested person is hypersensitive. This in turn can be used to test different organ functions of a patient. This is called heteroscopy.

In healing practice this latter technique will usually be used.

The tester or an assistant can with training become sensitive and respond very quickly, while a patient would initially have quite weak - if any - responses.

In order to induce heteroscopic reflexes, the tester must first sensitize the 'heteroscopic master plaque' in the assistant, then the specific plaques. Autoscopic vision, especially of the organs, will be easier if you stimulate beforehand the corresponding organ line (see FIG. 2), for example, with light alternating finger pressure. In addition, you may stimulate the 'neuro-vegetative master plaque' at the middle of the left kneecap.

Visions generally appear in a vague, nebulous form and gradually become clearer, sometimes remaining fluctuating. It is important to view in a relaxed way and to not consciously try to see something.

Diagnosis with the Hand

In the patient, sensitize a plaque that is about 3 cm below the right kneecap, 5 mm to the right of the midline. The patient should watch for the following reflexes.

1. Automatic movement of the lips\

2. A feeling of burning in the back

3. A feeling of stiffness in the joints of hips, knees and feet

In this sensitized condition any diseased organs will emit an increased amount of radiation that can be felt by slowly moving the left hand (left-handers use the right hand) about 20-30 cm over the body. A diseased organ will be felt as coolness or tingling in the hand.

Projection of Microbes

These are perhaps the most fascinating, but also the most difficult of the Calligaris experiments. Pictures of microbes responsible for an infectious disease may be projected on to the skin of the patient. Sensitize a plaque at the inside of the left wrist-fold, from the midline slightly towards the thumb. The expected reflexes are as follows.

1. Pain in both ears

2. Pain in both lower arms

3. A feeling of heat

A picture, several centimeters in size, may appear on the back of the right lower arm of the patient. Another projection plaque is 1 cm above the middle of the outside of the right lower arm, on the midline, slightly towards the side of the thumb. The reflexes are as follows.

1. Heaviness in the shoulders

2. Tickling or tingling in the edges of the upper ears

3. Coolness in the left knee, while the right shin may go to sleep

The projection may appear on the middle of the right upper arm, covering an area of about 9 X 6 cm. The picture may appear clearer if you use an astringent cream or lotion. Cancer is indicated by a sphere covered with hundreds of prickles, which Calligaris called spherula dentata. Sometimes the picture of a microbe or of another disease-causing agent or residue appears in stylized form. These skin pictures can be photographed.

A large amount of dedication and perseverance is required before the Calligaris skin reflexes can be easily evoked and used in healing work. Books about this method have been published in French, German and Italian.


Some of these plaques are included because they are of general interest and others because they are easy to find and sensitize for beginners. The following compilation gives first the identification number of the plaque as shown in FIG. 1, then the name or main effect of the plaque, its size in millimeters (which is also the diameter of the cylinder needed for its stimulation), and the provoked reflexes to watch for (usually three).

1. Compassion 11 mm; tapping in the back; sore chewing muscles (especially when opening and closing the mouth); feeling cold

2. Happiness 12 mm; psychological weakness; sore upper back; tendency to move the mouth

3. Anger 12 mm; anxiety; tendency to frown; feeling sick in the stomach

4. Skin vision 15 mm; sore hand; cold neck and mid-back; impulse to bite or lick the lips. During sensitizing, the tested person looks at a picture, not more than 1 m away. After sensitizing cover the eyes and put a simple drawing on the back, facing the skin. Rule out telepathy by selecting one of several drawings without anyone seeing which one it is

5. Telepathy (receiving) 10 mm; fullness in the stomach; a feeling like ants crawling on the forehead, knees and back of feet. A third person, concentrating on a thought, sits 1-10 m in front of the tested person. Initially, no observers should be in the room; the correct thought may evolve from a chain of thought associations

6. Telepathy (sending) 12 mm; moist eyes; burning feeling, especially in the lower abdomen. Works over distances up to 50 km

7. Aura vision I 12 mm; tickling in the nose; sore inner sides of the feet, right shoulder and left clavicle. A third person sits up to 5 m opposite the tested person

8. Aura vision II 10 mm; soreness on a line from the left nipple to the groin, in two regions in front of the lower arm and along the right side of the face. Third person sits 1-10 m in front of tested person

9. Reducing hunger or appetite 12 mm; sore right biceps and right buttock; dislike of color purple

10. Reducing thirst 12 mm; same reflexes as for hunger

11. Pain relief 10 mm; view turns towards the right; pain in ear; euphoria. Pain is reduced in a third person opposite the tested person or in an absent person on which the tested person concentrates

12. Seeing in darkness 12 mm; coolness in eyes and mouth; seeing profiles of many faces; pain in feet and upper teeth or gum. After sensitizing the plaque, lead the tested person with covered eyes into a totally dark room. Remove eye cover. Blind people may see as well

Autoscopic Plaques

With these, the tested person sees his or her own organs or problems. Cover the eyes with a black cloth. The examiner must sit sideways from the tested person. Paraesthesia, as mentioned occasionally, is a feeling as if a leg goes to sleep.

1. Circulation system 12 mm; paraesthesia over the neck and shoulders; feeling of a digestive problem; feeling of a light brain concussion

2. Digestive system 10 mm; paraesthesia inside the lower part of the right thigh and of the front part of the tongue; neck cramp

3. Intestines 10 mm; a strip of paraesthesia from the left eye to the left corner of the mouth, tightness in the head, left hand feels cold

4. Kidneys 10 mm; paraesthesia of the lips, cold around the head, pain in the right shoulder

5. Liver 10 mm; strip of paraesthesia along the left hand; feeling of spasms in left forearm and at right forehead

6. Nervous system (brain, spinal cord) 10 mm; paraesthesia in the middle of the groin and at the inter-digital spaces of the left hand; feeling of a foreign body under the left upper eyelid

7. Pancreas 10 mm; paraesthesia under the right foot; pain in the right kneecap, elbow and neck

8. Respiratory system 10 mm; feeling of emptiness in the brain and of a hole in the middle of the forehead; spasms of the lips

9. Sexual organs 10 mm; paraesthesia at the right back; stomach cramps; feeling of suffocation

10. Spleen 9 mm; pain in the ribs and lower right back; difficulty in moving the head to the side; difficulty keeping eyes closed or open

11. Sympathetic nerve 12 mm; hardness of the right gum; swelling of pharynx; feeling of missing right foot and paraesthesia across the upper forehead

12. Infectious diseases I 8 mm; reinforces the secondary effects of a disease, for example, pain, pressure

13. Infectious diseases II 10 mm; reinforces the feeling of sickness or infection itself

14. Microbe vision I 11 mm; pain in the back and middle fingers; paraesthesia in the legs, left face and front of the neck. If successful, the tested person sees a picture of the infection­ causing microbes. A negative result of all three plaques 24-26, if properly done, indicates the disease process is not infectious

15. Microbe vision II 10 mm; pain in the left-side top of the head; warm streaming inside the limbs; tic of the lips

Heteroscopic Plaques

The tester or a trained assistant sits exactly opposite the tested person, eyes covered with a black cloth. First the heteroscopic master plaque is sensitized in the person sitting opposite the patient. After the corresponding reflexes have been observed, the other plaques may be stimulated and the tester or assistant sees the diseased organs or systems.

1. Heteroscopic master plaque 11 mm; vision of a violet color; pain between fingers; paraesthesia of all body scars

2. Circulation 10 mm; tremor of the chin; pain along midline of the body; feeling of diagonal cuts over the body

3. Digestive system 10 mm; pain in the right wrist; lower right cheek cold; paraesthesia of lower abdomen

4. Kidneys 10 mm; dislike of metals; desire for darkness; feeling of drumming in the intestines

5. Liver 10 mm; warmth in the right ear; pain in the back of the right foot and front of the left foot, also in the upper cervical vertebrae; 'ants crawling' in the fingertips

6. Nervous system 12 mm; paraesthesia under the eyes; body feels smaller; body feels as though it is being bitten

7. Pancreas 12 mm; pain in the left little toe; 'heavy weight' on the right skull with a feeling of falling to the side; general indifference

8. Respiration 10 mm; trembling in the stomach; desire to bite; tendency to vandalism

9. Sexual system 12 mm; pain in the right front of the body; paraesthesia in left arm and inner arm; left side of nose cold

10. Spleen 12 mm; feeling of electric shock through the body; dry throat; pain in right thorax

11. Organ infections 13 mm; trembling in the left shoulder; burning of the esophagus; vision of a rose color. The first part of the vision shows the diseased organ, and the second part shows the infectious agent or microbe

12. Microbes and residues 12 mm; slight hoarseness; slight pain at the right side of the top of the head; warm streaming along the upper part of the throat and neck; slight paraesthesia of the forehead, neck and outside of the right leg. Microbes, uric-acid crystals and other disease-causing residues may be seen.

Disclaimer: The aim of this web site is to provide information on using natural healing methods to aid in the treatment of illness and health improvement.
The author cannot accept any legal responsibility for any problem arising from experimenting with these methods. For any serious disease,
or if you are unsure about a particular course of action, seek the help of a competent health professional.

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